Far East of Asia



In East Asia, the Neolithic period may have begun as early as 7500 BC. The earliest evidence suggests the existence of the Pengtoushan culture in northern Hunan province from about 7500 BC to 6100 BC and of the Peiligang culture in Henan province around from about 7000 BC to 5000 BC.

The Jeulmun pottery period is sometimes labeled the “Korean Neolithic”, but since intensive agriculture and evidence of European-style ‘Neolithic’ lifestyle is sparse at best, such terminology is misleading.[1] The Jeulmun was a period of hunting, gathering, and small-scale cultivation of plants.[2] Archaeologists sometimes refer to this life-style pattern as ‘broad-spectrum hunting-and-gathering‘.

The Jōmon period is a similar era in prehistoric Japan, with some characteristics of both Neolithic and Mesolithic culture.

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